C13 and C15 On-Highway Engines Caterpillar


Engine Oil Level Gauge - Calibrate

Usage:

C15 B5R


首次机油更换时检查标定

发动机机油的油位会根据发动机安装的角度和倾斜程度而变化。 该角度为前后倾斜角度。 倾斜指侧向倾斜。

油位计的标记必须验证,以确保油位计的正确性。 首次更换机油时要验证油位计上的标记。

验证油位计上的"ADD"标记和"FULL"标记。 按照以下步骤进行。


注意

进行此保养步骤时,车辆必须水平停放。


  1. 运转发动机,直到达到正常工作温度。 停止发动机。 取下曲轴箱放油塞。 应该拆下油底壳较深部位的放油塞。 应该拆下油底壳较浅部位的放油塞。 这允许放掉所有机油。 排放20分钟曲轴箱内的机油。

  1. 拆下用过的机油滤清器。 安装新机油滤清器滤芯。 安装机油放油塞并将其拧紧到 70 ± 15 N·m (50 ± 11 lb ft)。

    注: 你的发动机可能装有辅助机油滤清器。 辅助机油滤清器要求不同容量的机油。 有关辅助机油滤清器的容量大小,请参阅原设备制造厂的技术参数。

  1. 请参看表1。 向曲轴箱中加入标注 "A" 的机油量。 给出足够的时间,以使发动机机油流回到发动机曲轴箱。 允许大约20分钟。 检查机油油位。 等待几分钟,再次检查机油油位。 机油油位不再变化后进行

  1. 用油位计检查机油油位。 机油油位应该位于“加"(ADD)”"标记处。 如果机油油位没在"加(ADD)" 标记处,磨掉 "加(ADD)" 标记并刻上新的"加(ADD)" 标记。 使用刻刀来刻上新的"加(ADD)"标记。

  1. 向曲轴箱中加入标注 "B" 的机油量。 给出足够的时间,以使发动机机油流回到发动机曲轴箱。

  1. 用油位计检查机油油位。 机油油位应该位于"满(FULL)"标记处。 如果机油油位没在"满(FULL)"标记处,磨掉"FULL"标记。 使用刻刀来刻上新的"满(FULL)" 标记。


    注意

    发动机盘车时间不要超过30秒钟。 再次盘车以前,让起动马达先冷却2分钟。


  1. 向曲轴箱中加入标注 "C" 的机油量。 此机油量用于加注机油滤清器。 起动发动机并运转足够的时间,确保润滑系统已加满。 检查发动机的机油是否泄漏。

  1. 发动机停机并等待足够的时间,使机油排回到曲轴箱。

  1. 用油位计检查机油油位。 如果机油油位没在标定的 "满(FULL)" 标记处,就向曲轴箱加注机油到标定的 "满(FULL)" 标记。 在下表油量 D 旁边记录加入的机油量。 记录润滑系统的机油量,以便进一步更换机油。

表 1
机油量     带前或后油槽和 2 个滤清器的 C13     带前或后油槽和 1 个滤清器的 C13     带中间油槽的 C13     C15    
油量 A    
26.5 L (28 qt)    

26.5 L (28 qt)    

20.5 L (22 qt)    

28.5 L (30 qt)    
油量 B    
6 L (6 qt)    

6 L (6 qt)    

6 L (6 qt)    

6 L (6 qt)    
油量 C    
6 L (6 qt)    

4 L (4 qt)    

6 L (6 qt)    

4 L (4 qt)    
油量 D                    
发动机机油润滑系统的总容量                    

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